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フランスの人気スポーツランキングとフランス発祥のペタンク

time 2017/07/17

フランスの人気スポーツランキングとフランス発祥のペタンク

フランスで人気が高いスポーツは、アイスホッケーやラグビー、サイクリングにF1、そして乗馬などが挙げられます。今回はたくさんある中で、人気ランキングトップ3位をご紹介します!国技のサッカー(フットボール)は、何位なのか?またフランス発祥のペタンクの歴史や、その遊び方についてもご紹介致します!(popular sports in France)



フランスでアイスホッケー観戦

 

私は2018年の3月までフランスのアルプスで、約3か月間のスキー滞在を体験してきました。2017年にも2度滞在したので、今回は3度目の滞在となりました。私が滞在したのは、世界最大のスキーリゾートと言われている、トロワバレーを構成するスキー場の1つクーシュベル(Churchevel ski hill))です。今日はスノーボードの合間に、相方とアイスホッケーを観戦に行ってきました。

そのアイスホッケーの会場で、フランスの週刊誌「Sport(スポート)」を発見しました。この「Sport」に、フランス国内で人気のスポーツについての記事がありました。そこに紹介されていた人気スポーツランキングを参考に、フランス人に愛されているスポーツについてご紹介します!



世界最大のトロワバレー・スキーリゾートに興味のある方はこちらの⤵⤵
フランスにある総延長600kmの世界最大トロワ―バレースキー場
世界最大フランスアルプスのスキー場のアクセスとリフト料金
も参考にしてみてくださいね!

 

フランスで人気のスポーツ

フランス国内で1番スポーツ人口が多いのは、ダントツで1位のサッカー(フットボール)です。続いて2位はテニス3位は柔道(意外や意外?)といった結果になりました。

 

人気第1位のサッカー

 

堂々の1位を獲得したサッカーは国技で、フランスではルフット(le foot)と呼ばれています。サッカーはやりたいスポーツ部門でも、また観戦したいスポーツでも、男女問わずに堂々の1位に輝きました。ちなみに1番のライバルは、隣国のイングランドだということです。

国内リーグは約20チームで構成されています。オリンピック・リオン、ジロンダン、ボルドー、リールOSC、オリンピック・マルセイユ、パリサンジェルマンなどが挙げられます。フランスのサッカーチームの特徴としては、旧植民地のアフリカ大陸から移民してきたその子供たちも活躍していることです。

 

2位テニスと3位の柔道

2位のテニスですが、毎年ローランギャロスというところで全仏オープンが開催されているように、こちらも国民的スポーツの1つのようです。3位の柔道ですが、その柔道人口は540,000人にもおよびます。ですので、柔道の世界大会でも高成績を残すことができるのでしょうね。

 

その他の人気のスポーツ

 

フランス南部の方では、サッカーに続きラグビーの人気が高いようです。フランス人のフローラン・ダバティが、「フランス人にとってラグビーは特別なもの」と発言しように、競技者および観戦者も多いスポーツになります。

ちなみに日本では人気が高い野球は、10位にも入っていませんでした。そして11位にはペタンクという、日本ではほとんど馴染みのないスポーツがランクインしています。このペタングは、特に南フランスで人気のあるスポーツになります。舗装道路版のブールといえば、イメージがわきやすいでしょうか?ペタングとは両足を揃えて立ち、木製の球にめがけ金属性の球を投げるスポーツになります。

サイクリングも人気が高いですね。自転車レースの最高峰である「ツール・ド・フランス」には世界各国から選手が集まっています。これは、フランスとその周辺国を1週する競技になります。自転車レースは、イギリス・ドイツ・イタリアがライバル国として名前が挙がっています。

その他にはF1をはじめとするモータースポーツや、また乗馬の最高峰レースである凱旋門賞など、シーズンによって世界的な大会が行われています。

 

フランス発祥のペタンク

 

100年以上の歴史を持つペタンク

 

日本人にはほとんど知名度がない、このペタンク。私はフランス滞在中にせっかくなのでプレイはしてみたものの、それまではもちろんやったもとも、むしろ聞いたことさえありませんでした。ペタングというスポーツは1910年、南フランスに位置しているラ・シオタで発祥した球技になりまして、すでに100年以上の歴史があり、今でも愛され続けているスポーツです。

庭さえあれば誰でも楽しめるために、ペタングの球を所有する家庭も少なくありません。家庭でも楽しめますが、本格的な国内大会やワールドカップも行われているほど、大変人気のスポーツになります。

 

ペタンクの遊び方

 

先ほど両足を揃えてプレイするスポーツとご紹介しましたが、この両足を揃えるというフランス語、「ピエタンケ」から名前がついたといわれています。

両足を揃えるスタートの位置から約10mまでの距離へ向け、まずはビュットという的を投げます。そして鉄製の球を先ほど投げた的へめがけて投げて、点数を競うスポーツになります。1人が3球まで投げることができます。

的により近い相手の球をはじき出したりするルールは、どこか氷上のスポーツの「カーリング」思わせますね。しかし大きく違うところは、ペタンクはビュットという的を毎回投げるので、その的までの長さがその都度変わってくるのが、このスポーツの面白さになります。



おわりに

フランスに行った際には、フランス発祥のペタンクを挑戦してみてはいかがですか?ルールも簡単ですので、誰でも楽しめます。スポーツバーにいくと無料で体験できますし、きっとすでに先客がいると思いますので、遊び方を覗いてみるのも良いかもしれませんね!

合わせて「フランススキー特集」も参考にしてくださいね!!⤵⤵
世界最大フランストロワバレーのバルトランススキー場
フランストロワバレーのメリベルスキー場でスノーボード
世界最大のフランストロワバレーのクーシュベルスキー場
フランスアルプスのレザルクスキー場でスノーボード
フランスエスパスキリーのティーニュスキー場でスノーボード
フランスアルプスのスキー場とトロワバレーなどのアクセス方法
トロワバレー・クーシュベルのスキーシャトルバスと最寄り駅からのアクセス方法
フランス人気スポーツ!スキー旅行のためのホテルや日本食調達
フランス人気スポーツ!氷河を眺めるトロワ―バレーでスキー滞在
スキーパラグライダーやジップライン!フランス人気スポーツ特集

「フランス観光特集」も参考にしてくださいね!⤵⤵
フランスパリの観光案内所や日本人カフェうらばすを訪れよう
当時世界最大の門パリ凱旋門やシャンゼリゼ大通り観光スポット
パリ半日観光でシャイヨー宮からエッフェル塔を眺める

「TGV&ロードトリップ特集」も参考にしてくださいね!⤵⤵
アルプスからフランス縦断しイギリスへロードトリップ
ディエップからSNCFフランス国鉄高速列車TGVでパリへ
SNCFフランス国鉄のTGV高速列車の路線と料金
エメンタールやミモレットのチーズとフランスパンがおつまみ

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